Adjuvant is an additive in a pesticide that, when added to a spray solution, improves the physical properties or modifies and increases the biological activity of the pesticide. Like additiv... read more
under the brand name of Dioctyl and as a wetting and dispersing agent is considered in the pesticide industry due to having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties and regarding its special chemical structure, but what is less noticed is its insecticidal properties. The chemical formula of sodium salt is C20H37NaO7S. Its oral toxicity for female mice is 1900 mg/kg. Its acidity in aqueous medium is between 6.5 to 7.5.
This combination has many properties that makes it special:
We measured lipid, carbohydrate and protein content in three strains of cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) from very resistant to neonicotinoids up to semi sensitive and sensitive strains in different exposure method of spraying to neonicotinoids. We observed changes in energy source rates at which each substrate was metabolised under starvation, selection and residue stress method spraying that assist in metabolisation of their biochemical parameters. These particular exposure methods influence... read more
Shot hole with the causal agent Wilsonomyces carpophilus is one of the most important diseases on apricot. Every year it causes quantitative and qualitative damage on many areas in Iran. Copper- based fungicides such as Bordeaux mixture are usually used for the chemical control of this disease in the world although the others fungicides are suggested.... read more
Today's population growth requires human beings to supply more food, and this has led to the development of surface and depth of land for further production. Application of deep development patterns has led to a widespread use of agricultural inputs, in particular the increased use of pesticides and various chemical fertilizers. In the pursuit of agricultural activities combined with the increasing use of chemical fertilizers for the production of more food, a large amount of waste is introduced into the env... read more
Agriculture is the concept of ways and means of exploitation of water resources and energy, which has always been based on many economic, social, political and cultural developments throughout the world in order to meet the needs of people's food and shelter throughout history, so that today agricultural and agricultural development It is a driving force behind the development of rural areas in general.
Sustainable agriculture is a kind of farming that is in the interest of mankind, has more effici... read more
PEAT is sedimentary mineral formed by partial natural decomposition (decay) of marsh plants. Besides plant residues, peat consists of humus (60%) and mineral particles (part).According to the decomposition degree, peat is also divided into three groups: weakly decomposed, medium decomposed and strongly decomposed. The decomposition degree depends mainly on the age and condition of formation, and therefore the color of peat varies from light brown to brown-black.
There are thr... read more